HOW TO SURVIVE THE PREPARATION FOR THE EXTERNAL EVALUATION, OR NAVIGATION THROUGH THE SITE FOR ENTRANTS AND TEACHERS
All participants of our project are students of Ukrainian universities, who took the external evaluation test not long ago. In our opinion, the external evaluation in history of Ukraine is one of the most challenging exams. To pass it, one should remember thousands of dates, a lot of names, to understand and analyze complicated events which took place in the territory of our nation for over two thousand years — and at the same time remain alive. This is a difficult task not only for entrants who need to pack all this information in their heads, but also for teachers and parents who need to help children explain the material in an intelligible way. Our site can be useful to anyone who prepares oneself or trains someone for the external evaluation testing.
Studying history by learning dates and names by rote may be effective, but it is important to be able to analyze and to see links. "Great" history can also be learned through art, culture, everyday practices, from eyewitness accounts, in other words, by trying to feel and experience. For this purpose, we communicated with historians, culturologists, and art historians, opened family albums, searched for information on the Internet and in the library, asked questions and tried to answer them. Our project is about the 1990s or, rather, about the period from 1986 till 1996, which is one of the most important pages of Ukrainian history, most often studied in a shallow manner in school because of lack of time or for other reasons. Therefore, it is difficult for students to remember and understand the material.
The "center" of our research was Lviv, although the phenomena we mention are inherent in whole Ukraine, since it was during this period that our country gained independence. So, there’s no need for long talks. Let’s plunge into the atmosphere of the 1990s and draw from there information, which will help build a coherent picture of that period and, hopefully, get a good result of the external evaluation test in history of Ukraine!
Most materials, which can help in preparing for external evaluation, are contained in the What is What section. First of all, let's make a revision of the 2017 external evaluation. We have found five questions about the 1990s. One of them is as follows:
No. 19: Samvydav is one of the methods of dissidents’ struggle in the USSR and the Ukrainian SSR, which consisted in
A. Distribution of Ukrainian national symbols among the population.
B. Writing letters of protest to the leaders of the Communist Party and of the Soviet state.
C. Unofficial production and distribution of literary and journalistic works.
D. Publication of critical materials in the state media.
You are lucky because the term samvydav is in our dictionary. To answer the question, let’s first turn to the term. There we read:
"Editions, published outside the official system of censorship and publishing houses in Soviet Ukraine, which began to appear in the late 1960s and 1970s. Various forbidden by censorship works were often published in these illegal editions. In addition to the paper one, there was also mahnitvydav, that is, tape recordings, mostly bards’ songs. The samvydav editions produced in Lviv included Soglasie, Bratstvo, Viko, Zustrich, Skrynia, Postup, Yevshan-zillia… "
It is already in the first sentence that we find the answer to our question: "Editions, published outside the official system of censorship and publishing houses." So, the correct option is B.
It is worth noting that not all the questions can be clearly answered with the help of the dictionary. To do this, you need to use the general educational publications; however, our site may also be useful to you. To help you, we for convenience divided the dictionary into sections, which can be found in external evaluation tests:
Divine Service from the Vatican
Revolution on Granite
Concert of Greetings
Mutual Aid Fund
Students; Student Brotherhood